Walter Pater

 

 

Studies in the History of the Renaissance

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What is important, then, is not that the critic should possess a correct abstract definition of beauty for the intellect, but a certain kind of temperament, the power of being deeply moved by the presence of beautiful objects. He will remember always that beauty exists in many forms. To him all periods, types, schools of taste, are in themselves equal. In all ages there have been some excellent workmen and some excellent work done. The question he asks is always, In whom did the stir, the genius, the sentiment of the period find itself? who was the receptacle of its refinement, its elevation, its taste? 'The ages are all equal,' says William Blake, 'but genius is always above its age.'

Often it will require great nicety to disengage this virtue from the commoner elements with which it may be found in combination. Few artists, not Goethe or Byron even, work quite cleanly, casting off all debris, and leaving us only what the heat of their imagination has wholly fused and transformed. Take for instance the writings of Wordsworth. The heat of his genius, entering into the substance of his work, has crystallised a part, but only a part, of it; and in that great mass of verse there is much which might well be forgotten. But scattered up and down it, sometimes fusing and transforming entire compositions, like the Stanzas on 'Resolution and Independence' and the Ode on the 'Recollections of Childhood,' sometimes, as if at [XI] random, turning a fine crystal here and there, in a matter it does not wholly search through and transform, we trace the action of his unique incommunicable faculty, that strange mystical sense of a life in natural things, and of man's life as a part of nature, drawing strength and colour and character from local influences, from the hills and streams and natural sights and sounds. Well! that is the virtue, the active principle in Wordsworth's poetry; and then the function of the critic of Wordsworth is to trace that active principle, to disengage it, to mark the degree in which it penetrates his verse.

 

 

 

 

Erstdruck und Druckvorlage

Walter Pater: Studies in the History of the Renaissance.
London: Macmillan and Co. 1873.

Unser Auszug: S. X-XI.

URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001112847
URL: https://archive.org/details/studiesinhistor01pategoog

Die Textwiedergabe erfolgt nach dem ersten Druck (Editionsrichtlinien).

 

 

 

Werkverzeichnis


Verzeichnis

Wright, Samuel: A Bibliography of the Writings of Walter H. Pater.
Folkestone: Dawson 1975.


Pater, Walter: Winckelmann.
In: The Westminster Review.
1867, Januar, S. 80110.
URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000506030
URL: http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/serial?id=westminsterreview

Pater, Walter: Poems by William Morris.
In: The Westminster Review.
1868, Oktober, S. 300-312.
URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000506030
URL: http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/serial?id=westminsterreview

Pater, Walter: Studies in the History of the Renaissance.
London: Macmillan and Co. 1873.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001112847
URL: https://archive.org/details/studiesinhistor01pategoog

Pater, Walter: On Wordsworth.
In: The Fortnightly Review.
Bd. 21, 1874, April, S. 455-465.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008882609
URL: http://opacplus.bsb-muenchen.de/title/715786-1

Pater, Walter: Romanticism.
In: Macmillan's Magazine.
Bd. 35, 1876/77, November 1876, S. 64-70.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000061600

Pater, Walter: Dante Gabriel Rossetti.
In: The English Poets.
Selections with Critical Introductions by Various Writers, and a General Introduction by Matthew Arnold.
Edited by Thomas Humphry Ward.
Vol. 4: Wordsworth to Rossetti.
Second Edition, Revised. London: Macmillan and Co. 1883, S. 633-641.
URL: https://archive.org/details/englishpoetswor00unkngoog

Pater, Walter: Marius the Epicurean. His Sensations and Ideas.
2 Bde. London: Macmillan and Co. 1885.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001910607
URL: https://archive.org/advancedsearch.php

Pater, Walter: Imaginary Portraits.
London: Macmillan and Co. and New York 1887.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001024227

Pater, Walter: Style.
In: The Fortnightly Review.
Bd. 44, 1888, Dezember, S. 728-743.

Pater, Walter: Appreciations. With an Essay on Style.
London: Macmillan and Co. and New York 1889.
URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001112390
URL: https://archive.org/details/cu31924104003326

 

 

 

Literatur

Lee, Adam: The Ethics of Contemplation. Pater's Reading of Aristotle. In: Pater the Classicist. Classical Scholarship, Reception, and Aestheticism. Hrsg. von Charles Martindale u.a. Oxford 2017, S. 309-323.

Armstrong, Isobel: Victorian Scrutinies. Reviews of Poetry 1830-1870. London 1972.

Bann, Stephen (Hrsg.): The Reception of Walter Pater in Europe. London 2004.

Brake, Laurel (Hrsg.): Pater in the 1990s. Greensboro, NC 1991.

Bristow, Joseph (Hrsg.): The Victorian Poet. Poetics and Persona. London u.a. 1987.

Bristow, Joseph: Reforming Victorian poetry: poetics after 1832. In: The Cambridge Companion to Victorian Poetry. Hrsg. von Joseph Bristow. Cambridge u.a. 2000, S. 1-24.

Christ, Carol T.: Victorian Poetics. In: A Companion to Victorian Poetry. Hrsg. von Richard Cronin u.a. Malden, MA 2002, S. 1-21.

Daley, Kenneth: The Rescue of Romanticism. Walter Pater and John Ruskin. Athens 2001.

Hext, Kate: Walter Pater. Individualism and Aesthetic Philosophy. Edinburgh 2013.

Jackson, Noel B.: Rethinking the Cultural Divide: Walter Pater, Wilkie Collins, and the Legacies of Wordsworthian Aesthetics. In: Modern Philology 102 (2004), S. 207-234.

Marcus, Laura u.a. (Hrsg.): Late Victorian into Modern. Oxford 2016.

Martus, Steffen u.a. (Hrsg.): Lyrik im 19. Jahrhundert. Gattungspoetik als Reflexionsmedium der Kultur. Bern u.a. 2005 (= Publikationen zur Zeitschrift für Germanistik, 11).

Seiler, R. M. (Hrsg.): Walter Pater. The Critical Heritage. London u.a. 1980.

Shmiefsky, Marvel: A Study in Aesthetic Relativism. Pater's Poetics. In: Victorian Poetry 6 (1968) 105-124.

Ward, J. P.: An Anxiety of No Influence: Walter Pater on William Wordsworth. In: Pater in the 1990s. Hrsg. von Laurel Brake u.a. Greensboro, NC 1991 (no pagination).

 

 

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Lyriktheorie » R. Brandmeyer