William Butler Yeats



Mr. Arthur Symons' New Book. *




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It is difficult and dangerous to define the movements and epochs of anything so much a part of oneself as contemporary literature, but when popular criticism, which does not consider anything difficult and dangerous, has given names to certain kinds of works, and hated the work for the name's sake, one is compelled to define. Popular criticism having agreed that poetry like that of Mr. Arthur Symons is "decadent," and therefore "immoral," "insincere," and "shallow," it is necessary to try and find out what distinguishes poetry like that of Mr. Arthur Symons from the poetry popular criticism has learned to honour. It seems to me that the poetry which found its greatest expression in Tennyson and Browning pushed its limits as far as possible, tried to absorb into itself sience and philosophy and morality of its time, and to speak trough the mouths of as many as might be of the great persons of history; and that there has been a revolt – a <gradual>, half-perceptible revolt, as is the fashion of English as contrasted with French revolts – and that poetry has been for two generations slowly contracting its limits and becoming more and more purely personal and lyrical in its spirit. Mr. Lang, and Mr. Dobson, and Mr. Gosse began the change by their delight in the most condensed of lyric forms; while Mr. Bridges, with his reiteration of the most ancient and eternal notes of poetry and of them alone; Mr. Francis Thompson, with his distinguishing catholic ecstasy and his preoccupation with personal circumstance; Mr. Henley, with his noisy, heroic cry; Mr. Lionel Johnson, with his ecstatic stoicism; Mr. Davidson, with his passionate insistance on a few simple ideas, whose main value is in his passionate insistance; Mr. Le Gallienne, with his fancyful attitude towards life and art; Mr. Watson, with his continual pronouncements on public affairs; and Mr. Symons, with his pleasure in "the typical modern man, to whom emotions and sensations represent the whole of live," and in "the typical modern man" alone, are but, according to their very various powers, carrying this change to its momentous fulfilment: the calling of what is personal and solitary to the supreme seat of song. Some of these poets embody this change more than others, and popular criticism seems to me to dislike a poet just in so far as he embodies this change, for popular criticism has learned the importance of the science and philosophy and morality of its time, and of the great persons of history; but a poetry which is personal and solitary, and most therefore be jugded by the poetical instinct alone, leaves it puzzled and angry. Mr. Symons, who is not only, in his verse, less of a savant, or a philosopher, or a moralist, or an historian than any poet of his time, but has certain very personal preoccupations which popular criticism has never learned to associate with poetry, has endured the whole burden of its indignation.



[Fußnote, S. 15]

*   "Amoris Victima." By Arthur Symons (Leonard Smithers.)   zurück





Erstdruck und Druckvorlage

The Bookman (London).
Bd. 12, 1897, Nr. 67, April, S. 15-16.

Gezeichnet: W. B. Yeats.

Unser Auszug: S. 15.

Die Textwiedergabe erfolgt nach dem ersten Druck (Editionsrichtlinien).

The Bookman (London)   online
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008883383





Kommentierte Ausgabe






Wade, Allan: A Bibliography of the Writings of W. B. Yeats.
3. Aufl. London: Hart-Davis 1968.

Yeats, William Butler:The Death of Oenone.
In: The Bookman (London).
Bd. 3, 1892, Nr. 15, Dezember, S. 84.

Yeats, William Butler: The Message of the Folk-lorist.
In: The Speaker.
Bd. 8, 1893, 19. August, S. 188-189.

Yeats, William Butler: A Symbolical Drama in Paris.
In: The Bookman (London).
Bd. 6, 1894, Nr. 31, April, S. 14-16.

Yeats, William Butler: Irish National Literature. Contemporary Prose Writers.
In: The Bookman (London).
Bd. 8, 1895, Nr. 47, August, S. 138-140.

Yeats, William Butler: Irish National Literature. III. Contemporary Irish Poets.
In: The Bookman (London).
Bd. 8, 1895, Nr. 48, September, S. 167-170.

Yeats, William Butler: Verlaine in 1894.
In: The Savoy. An Illustrated Quarterly.
1896, Nr. 2, April, S. 117-118.
URL: https://archive.org/details/savoy01symo

Yeats, William Butler: William Blake.
In: The Bookman (London).
Bd. 10, 1896, Nr. 55, April, S. 21.

Yeats, William Butler: William Blake and His Illustrations to the Divine Comedy.
In: The Savoy. An Illustrated Monthly.
Nr. 3, Juli, S. 41-57.
Nr. 4, August, S. 25-41.
Nr. 5, September, S. 31-36.
URL: https://archive.org/details/savoy02symo
W. B. Yeats: Ideas of Good and Evil. London: Bullen 1903, S. 176-225.
URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001189128

Yeats, William Butler: Mr. Arthur Symons' New Book.
In: The Bookman (London).
Bd. 12, 1897, Nr. 67, April, S. 15-16.

Yeats, William Butler: Academy Portraits. XXXII. – William Blake.
In: The Academy. A Weekly Review of Literature, Science, and Art.
1897, 19. Juni, S. 634-635. [PDF]
W. B. Yeats: Ideas of Good and Evil. London: Bullen 1903,
S. 168-175 (u.d.T. "William Blake and the Imagination").
URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001189128

Yeats, William Butler: Introduction.
In: A Book of Images, Drawn by W.T. Horton & Introduced by W.B. Yeats.
London: Unicorn Press 1898, S. 7-16.
URL: https://archive.org/details/bookofimagesdraw00hortuoft
Aufgenommen in:
W. B. Yeats: Ideas of Good and Evil. London: Bullen 1903,
S. 226-236 (u.d.T. "Symbolism in Painting").
URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001189128

Yeats, William Butler: John Eglinton and Spiritual Art.
In: Daily Express (Dublin).
1898, 29. Oktober, Second Edition, S. 3.

Yeats, William Butler: The Autumn of the Flesh.
In: Daily Express (Dublin).
1898, 3. Dezember, Second Edition, S. 3.

Yeats, William Butler: The Wind Among the Reeds.
London: Mathews 1899.
URL: https://archive.org/details/windamongreeds00yeatrich

Yeats, William Butler: The Literary Movement in Ireland.
In: North American Review.
Bd. 169, 1899, Nr. 517, Dezember, S. 855-867.

Yeats, William Butler: The Symbolism of Poetry.
In: The Dome.
An Illustrated Magazine and Review of Literature, Music, Architecture, and the Graphic Arts.
N.S., Jg. 6, 1900, April, S. 249-257.

Yeats, William Butler: Ideas of Good and Evil.
London: Bullen 1903.
URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001189128
URL: https://archive.org/details/ideasofgoodevil00yeatrich  [Second Edition 1903]

Yeats, William Butler: The Philosophy of Shelley's Poetry.
In: William Butler Yeats: Ideas of Good and Evil.
London: Bullen 1903, S. 90-141.

Yeats, William Butler: Poems, 1899-1905.
London: Bullen; Dublin: Maunsel 1906.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001776370
URL: https://archive.org/details/poems01yeatgoog

Yeats, William Butler: Poems.
London: T. Fisher Unwin 1912.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009025212
URL: https://archive.org/details/yeatspoems00yeatrich

Yeats, William Butler: The Cutting of an Agate.
New York: The Macmillan company 1912.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001195035
URL: https://archive.org/details/cuttingofagate00yeat

Yeats, William Butler: Essays and Introductions.
London: Macmillan and C. 1961.

Yeats, William Butler: The Collected Letters of W. B. Yeats.
Edited by John Kelly u.a.
Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press.
Bd. 1ff. 1986ff.

Yeats, William Butler: Die Gedichte.
Hrsg. von Norbert Hummelt.
Übers. von Marcel Beyer u.a.
München: Luchterhand 2005.

Larrissy, Edward (Hrsg.): The First Yeats.
Poems by W.B. Yeats, 1889 – 1899.
Manchester: FyfieldBooks 2010.





Bizzotto, Elisa / Evangelista, Stefano-Maria (Hrsg.): Arthur Symons. Poet, Critic, Vagabond. Cambridge 2018.

Brandmeyer, Rudolf: Poetiken der Lyrik: Von der Normpoetik zur Autorenpoetik. In: Handbuch Lyrik. Theorie, Analyse, Geschichte. Hrsg. von Dieter Lamping. 2. Aufl. Stuttgart 2016, S. 2-15.

Ducrey, Guy: Le passeur du symbolisme français, Arthur Symons. In: 'Curious about France'. Visions littéraires victoriennes. Hrsg. von Ignacio Ramos Gay. Bern u.a. 2015, S. 137-152.

Fogarty, Anne: Yeats, Ireland and modernism. In: The Cambridge Companion to Modernist Poetry. Hrsg. von Alex Davis. Cambridge u.a. 2007, S. 126-146.

Gardner, Joann: Yeats and the Rhymers' Club. A Nineties' Perspective. New York u.a. 1989 (= American University Studies; Series IV, 47)

Haughton, Hugh: The Irish Poet as Critic. In: The Oxford Handbook of Modern Irish Poetry. Hrsg. von Fran Brearton u. Alan Gillis. Oxford 2012, S. 513-533.

Howes, Marjorie u.a. (Hrsg.): The Cambridge Companion to W. B. Yeats. Cambridge u.a. 2006.

Jeffares, A. Norman (Hrsg.): Yeats the European. Savage, Md. 1989.

Lipking, Lawrence: Poet-critics. In: The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism. Bd. 7: Modernism and the New Criticism. Hrsg. von A. Walton Litz. Cambridge u.a. 2000, S. 439-467.

Longley, Edna: Yeats and Modern Poetry. New York 2013.

Marcus, Laura u.a. (Hrsg.): Late Victorian into Modern. Oxford 2016.

McCready, Sam: A William Butler Yeats Encyclopedia. Westport, Conn. 1997.

Pointner, Petra: A Prelude to Modernism. Studies on the Urban and Erotic Poetry of Arthur Symons. Heidelberg 2004 (= Anglistische Forschungen, 339).

Quinn, Justin: The Cambridge Introduction to Modern Irish Poetry, 1800 – 2000. Cambridge u.a. 2008.

Warner, Eric / Hough, Graham (Hrsg.): Strangeness and Beauty. An Anthology of Aesthetic Criticism 1840–1910. 2 Bde. Cambridge u.a. 2009.



Lyriktheorie » R. Brandmeyer