Edmund Gosse

 

 

Current French Literature.

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The determination of the younger French writers to enlarge and develop the resources of their national poetry is a feature of to-day, far too persistent and general to be ignored. Until a dozen years ago, the severely artificial prosody accepted in France seemed to be one of the literary phenomena of Europe the most securely protected from possible change. The earliest proposals and experiments in fresh directions were laughed at, and often not undeservedly. No one outside the fray can seriously admit that any one of the francs-tireurs of symbolism has made a perfectly successful fight. But the number of these volunteers, and their eagerness, and their intense determination to try all possible doors of egress from their too severe palace of traditional verse, do at last impress the observer with a sense of the importance of the instinct which drives them to these eccentric manifestations. Renan said of the early Decadents that they were a set of babies, [648] sucking their thumbs. But these people are getting bald, and have grey beards, and still they suck their thumbs. There must be something more in the whole thing than met the eye of the philosopher. When the entire poetic youth of a country such as France is observed raking the dust-heaps, it is probable that pearls are to be discovered.

It may be admitted that M. Henri de Régnier has discovered a large one, if it seems to be a little clouded, and perhaps a little flawed. Indeed, of the multitude of experiment-makers and theorists, he comes nearest (it seems to me) to presenting a definitely evolved talent, lifted out of the merely tentative order. He stands, at this juncture, half way between the Parnassians and those of the symbolists who are least violent in their excesses. If we approach M. de Régnier from the old-fashioned camp, his work may seem bewildering enough, but if we reach it from the other side — say, from M. Réné Ghil or from M. Yvanhoé Rambosson — it appears to be quite organic and intelligible. Here at least is a writer with something audible to communicate, with a coherent manner of saying it, and with a definite style. A year or two ago, the publication of his "Poèmes Anciens et Romanesques" raised M. de Régnier, to my mind, a head and shoulders above his fellows. That impression is certainly strengthened by "Les Jeux Rustiques et Divins" (Mercure de France), a volume full of graceful and beautiful verses. Alone, among the multitude of young experimenters, M. de Régnier seems to possess the classical spirit; he is a genuine artist, of pure and strenuous vision. For years and years, my eloquent and mysterious friend, M. Stéphane Mallarmé, has been talking about verse to the youth of Paris. The sole result of all those abstruse discourses has been (so it seems to me) the production of M. Henri de Régnier. He is the solitary swallow that makes the summer for which M. Mallarmé has been so passionately imploring the gods.

It is scarcely necessary to remind ourselves, in reading "Les Jeux Rusliques et Divins" of the Mallarméan principle that poetry should suggest and not express, that a series of harmonious hints should produce the effect of direct clear statement. In the opposite class, no better example can be [649] suggested than the sonnets of M. de Heredia, which are as transparent as sapphires or topazes, and as hard. But if M. de Régnier treats the same class of subject as M. de Heredia (and he often does) the result is totally different. He produces an opal, something clouded, soft, and complex, made of conflicting shades and fugitive lights. In the volume before us we have a long poem on the subject of Arethusa, the nymph who haunted that Ortygian well where, when the flutes of the shepherds were silent, the sirens came to quench their thirst. We have been so long habituated, in England by the manner of Keats and Tennyson, in France by the tradition of the Parnassians, to more or less definite and exhaustive portraiture, that at first we read this poetry of M. de Régnier without receiving any impression. All the rhythms are melodious, all the diction dignified and pure, all the images appropriate, but the poem seems to say nothing. It leaves at first no imprint on the mind; it singularly bewilders and taunts the attention.

 

 

 

 

Erstdruck und Druckvorlage

Cosmopolis. Revue internationale.
Bd. 6, 1897, Nr. 18, Juni, S. 637-654.

Unser Auszug: S. 647-649.

Gezeichnet: EDMUND GOSSE.

Die Textwiedergabe erfolgt nach dem ersten Druck (Editionsrichtlinien).
Korrektur der Akzent-Fehler nicht markiert.


Cosmopolis. Revue internationale   online
URL: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb327493131/date
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100790106
URL: https://de.wikisource.org/wiki/Zeitschriften_(Gesellschaft)#C

 

 

Zeitschriften-Repertorien

 

Aufgenommen in

 

 

 

Werkverzeichnis: Gosse


Verzeichnis

Thwaite, Ann: Edmund Gosse. A Literary Landscape 1849-1928.
London: Secker and Warburg 1984.
S. 513-517: Bibliography ("of first seperate editions only").



Gosse, Edmund: The Poems of Edgar Poe.
In: The Examiner.
1875, 30. Januar, S. 137-138.

Gosse, Edmund: {Rezension zu:]
Les Poésies de Catulle Mendès (Paris: Sandoz et Fischbacher).
In: The Academy. A Weekly Review of Literature, Science, and Art.
1877, 16. Juni, S. 526-527.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006791517

Gosse, Edmund: A Plea for certain Exotic Forms of Verse.
In: The Cornhill Magazine.
Bd. 36, 1877, Juli, S. 53-71.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000522322

Gosse, Edmund: [Rezension zu:]
Gérard de Nerval, Poésies complètes (Paris: Calmann Lévy 1877).
In: The Academy. A Weekly Review of Literature, Science, and Art.
1878, 2. März, S. 180-181.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006791517

Gosse, Edmund: Is Verse in Danger?
In: The Forum.
1891, January, S. 517-526.
URL: http://www.unz.com/print/Forum/

Gosse, Edmund: Questions at Issue.
London: Heinemann 1893.
URL: https://archive.org/details/questionsatissu00gossgoog
URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000392854

Gosse, Edmund: Stéphane Mallarmé
In: The Academy. A Weekly Review of Literature, Science, and Art.
Bd. 43, 1893, Nr. 1079, 7. Januar, S. 5-7. [PDF]
Mit Änderungen aufgenommen in
Edmund Gosse: Questions at Issue.
London: Heinemann 1893; hier S. 217-234 (u.d.T. "Symbolism and M. Stéphane Mallarmé").
URL: https://archive.org/details/questionsatissu00gossgoog
URL: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000392854

Gosse, Edmund: Christina Rossetti.
In: The Century Magazine.
Bd. 46, 1893, Juni, S. 211-217.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/012508493
URL: https://www.unz.com/print/Century

Gosse, Edmund: A Note on Walt Whitman.
In: The New Review.
Bd. 10, 1894, Nr. 59, April, S. 447-457.
wiederholt in
The Living Age.
1894, 26. Mai, S. 495-501.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011827682

Gosse, Edmund: Walter Pater: a Portrait.
In: The Contemporary Review.
Bd. 66, 1894, Dezember, S. 795-810. [PDF]

Gosse, Edmund: A First Sight of Verlaine.
In: The Savoy. An Illustrated Quarterly.
1896, Nr. 2, April, S. 113-116.
URL: https://archive.org/details/savoy01symo
Mit Änderungen aufgenommen in
Edmund Gosse: French Profiles.
London: Heinemann 1905; hier S. 182-188.
URL: https://archive.org/details/frnchprofiles00gossiala
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007680073

Gosse, Edmund: Current French Literature.
Cosmopolis. Revue internationale.
Bd. 2, 1896, Nr. 6, Juni, S. 660-677.
URL: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb327493131/date

Gosse, Edmund: Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly.
In: The Pageant.
1897, S. 18-31.
URL: http://www.1890s.ca/Default.aspx
Aufgenommen in
Edmund Gosse: French Profiles.
London: Heinemann 1905; hier S. 92-107.

Gosse, Edmund: Current French Literature.
Cosmopolis. Revue internationale.
Bd. 6, 1897, Nr. 18, Juni, S. 637-654.
URL: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb327493131/date

Gosse, Edmund: Ten Years of English Literature.
In: North American Review.
Bd. 165, 1897, Nr. 489, August, S. 138-148.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/004528837
URL: https://www.unz.com/print/NorthAmericanRev/

Gosse, Edmund: Stéphane Mallarmé.
In: The Saturday Review of Politics, Literature, Science, and Art.
Bd. 86, 1898, 17. September, S. 372-373. [PDF]
Mit Änderungen aufgenommen in
Edmund Gosse: French Profiles.
London: Heinemann 1905; hier S. 305-312.
URL: https://archive.org/details/frnchprofiles00gossiala
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007680073

Gosse, Edmund: Some Recent Literature in France.
In: The Contemporary Review.
Bd. 74, 1898, Dezember, S. 890-900.
URL: https://archive.org/details/contemporaryrev14unkngoog

Gosse, Edmund: L'Influence de la France sur la poésie anglaise,
conférence faite le 9 février 1904, à Paris, sur l'invitation de la Société des conférences,
traduite par Henry-D. Davray.
Paris: Société du "Mercure de France" 1904.
URL: http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k54430215

Gosse, Edmund: French Profiles.
London: Heinemann 1905.
URL: https://archive.org/details/frnchprofiles00gossiala
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007680073

Gosse, Edmund: The Influence of France upon English Poetry.
In: Edmund Gosse: French Profiles.
London: Heinemann 1905; hier S. 330-363.
URL: https://archive.org/details/frnchprofiles00gossiala
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/007680073

Gosse, Edmund: Art. Lyrical Poetry.
In: The Encyclopædia Britannica.
Eleventh Edition. Volume XVII. Cambridge, England; New York, NY 1911, S. 180-181.
URL: https://archive.org/details/encyclopaediabri17chisrich

Gosse, Edmund: French Profiles.
New Edition. London: Heinemann 1913.
URL: https://archive.org/details/frenchprofiles00goss
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001790429

Gosse, Edmund: The Future of English Poetry.
[Oxford: H. Hart, Printer to the Univesity] 1913.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009979369

Gosse, Edmund (Hrsg.): Les Fleurs Du Mal and Other Studies.
By Algernon Charles Swinburne.
London: Printed for Private Circulation 1913.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/002781737

Gosse, Edmund: The Life of Algernon Charles Swinburne.
New York: The Macmillan company 1917.
URL: https://archive.org/details/in.ernet.dli.2015.211007
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001112871

Gosse, Edmund: Baudelaire.
In: The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs.
Bd. 31, 1917, Nr. 175, Oktober, S. 131-134. [PDF]

Gosse, Edmund: Mr. Hardy's Lyrical Poems
In: The Edinburgh Review.
Bd. 227, 1918, Nr. 464, April, S. 272–293.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009663369
aufgenommen in
Edmund Gosse: Some Diversions of a Man of Letters.
London: Heinemann 1919; hier: S. 231-258 (u.d.T. "The Lyrical Poetry of Thomas Hardy").
URL: https://archive.org/details/somediversionsof00goss
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000393057

Gosse, Edmund: Some Diversions of a Man of Letters.
London: Heinemann 1919.
URL: https://archive.org/details/somediversionsof00goss
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000393057


Brugmans, Linette F. (Hrsg.): The Correspondence of André Gide and Edmund Gosse, 1904-1928.
Edited, with translations.
London: Owen 1959.
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001212533

 

 

 

Literatur

Brake, Laurel: Aestheticism and Decadence: The Yellow Book (1894-7), The Chameleon (1894), and The Savoy (1896). In: The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines. Hrsg. von Peter Brooker u.a. Bd. 1: Britain and Ireland 1880-1955. Oxford 2009, S. 76-100.

Brandmeyer, Rudolf: Poetiken der Lyrik: Von der Normpoetik zur Autorenpoetik. In: Handbuch Lyrik. Theorie, Analyse, Geschichte. Hrsg. von Dieter Lamping. 2. Aufl. Stuttgart 2016, S. 2-15.

Corbett, David P.: Symbolism in British 'Little Magazines': The Dial (1889-97), The Pageant (1896-7), and The Dome (1897-1900). In: The Oxford Critical and Cultural History of Modernist Magazines. Hrsg. von Peter Brooker u.a. Bd. 1: Britain and Ireland 1880-1955. Oxford 2009, S. 101-119.

Cunningham, Valentine: Darke Conceits: Churton Collins, Edmund Gosse, and the Professions of Criticism. In: Grub Street and the Ivory Tower. Literary Journalism and Literary Scholarship from Fielding to the Internet. Hrsg. von Jeremy Treglown u. Bridget Bennett. Oxford 1998, S. 72-90.

Hönnighausen, Lothar: The Symbolist Tradition in English Literature. A Study of Pre-Raphaelitism and Fin de Siècle. Cambridge u.a. 1990.

Mallett, Phillip: Edmund Gosse. In: Nineteenth-Century British Literary Biographers. Hrsg. von Steven Serafin (= Dictionary of Literary Biography, Bd. 144). Detroit, MI 1994, S. 127-146.

Martus, Steffen u.a. (Hrsg.): Lyrik im 19. Jahrhundert. Gattungspoetik als Reflexionsmedium der Kultur. Bern u.a. 2005 (= Publikationen zur Zeitschrift für Germanistik, 11).

Rath, Brigitte: "Our knowledge petrifies our rhymes." Edmund Gosse im Kontext der Institutionalisierung von English Literature. In: Poeta philologus. Eine Schwellenfigur im 19. Jahrhundert. Hrsg. von Mark-Georg Dehrmann u.a. Bern u.a. 2010 (= Publikationen zur Zeitschrift für Germanistik; N.F., 22), S. 195-218.

Schroda, Julia: Cosmopolis – drei Jahre Internationale Revue im Dienst der europäischen Verständigung (1896-1898). In: Krisenwahrnehmungen in Deutschland um 1900. Zeitschriften als Foren der Umbruchszeit im Wilhelminischen Reich. Hrsg. von Michel Grunewald u.a. Bern 2010, S. 419-437.

Temple, Ruth Z.: The Critic's Alchemy. A Study of the Introduction of French Symbolism into England. New York 1953.
S. 185-228: Edmund Gosse.

Thwaite, Ann: Edmund Gosse. A Literary Landscape 1849-1928. London 1984.

Woolf, James D.: Sir Edmund Gosse. An Annotated Bibliography of Writings about Him. In: English Literature in Transition 1880-1920. 11 (1968), S. 126-172.

 

 

Edition
Lyriktheorie » R. Brandmeyer