Oscar Wilde

 

 

The Decay of Lying: A Dialogue

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'The loss that results to literature in general from this false ideal of our time can hardly be overestimated. People have a careless way of talking about a "born liar," just as they talk about a "born poet." But in both cases they are wrong. Lying and poetry are arts arts, as Plato saw, not unconnected with each other and they require the most careful study, the most disinterested devotion. Indeed, they have their technique, just as the more material arts of painting and sculpture have, their subtle secrets of form and colour, their craft-mysteries, their deliberate artistic methods. As one knows the poet by his fine music, so one can recognise the liar by his rich rhythmic utterance, and in neither case will the casual inspiration of the moment suffice. Here, as elsewhere, practice must precede perfection. But in modern days while the fashion of writing poetry has become far too common, and should, if possible, be discouraged, the fashion of lying has almost fallen into disrepute. Many a young man starts in life with a natural gift for exaggeration which, if nurtured in congenial and sympathetic surroundings, or by the imitation of the best models, might grow into something really [38] great and wonderful. But, as a rule, he comes to notbing. He either falls into careless habits of accuracy — '

 

 

 

 

Erstdruck und Druckvorlage

The Nineteenth Century.
Bd. 25, 1889, Januar, S. 35-56.

Unser Auszug: S. 37-38.

Gezeichnet: OSCAR WILDE.

URL: https://archive.org/details/nineteenthcentu14unkngoog

Die Textwiedergabe erfolgt nach dem ersten Druck (Editionsrichtlinien).


The Nineteenth Century   online
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/006061863
URL: http://opacplus.bsb-muenchen.de/title/6704-0

 

 

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Literatur

Brandmeyer, Rudolf: Poetiken der Lyrik: Von der Normpoetik zur Autorenpoetik. In: Handbuch Lyrik. Theorie, Analyse, Geschichte. Hrsg. von Dieter Lamping. 2. Aufl. Stuttgart 2016, S. 2-15.

Bristow, Joseph u.a. (Hrsg.): Wilde Discoveries. Traditions, Histories, Archives. Toronto u.a. 2013.

Bristow, Joseph / Mitchell, Rebecca N.: Oscar Wilde's 'Cultivated Blindness': Reassessing the Textual and Intellectual History of 'The Decay of Lying'. In: The Review of English Studies 69 (February 2018), S. 94156.

Burdorf, Dieter: Gespräche über Kunst. Zur Konjunktur einer literarischen Form um 1900. In: Jugendstil und Kulturkritik. Zur Literatur und Kunst um 1900. Hrsg. von Andreas Beyer u.a. Heidelberg 1999 (= Jenaer Germanistische Forschungen; N. F., 7), S. 29-50.

Danson, Lawrence: Wilde's Intentions. The Artist in his Criticism. Oxford 1997.

Danson, Lawrence: Wilde as critic and theorist. In: The Cambridge Companion to Oscar Wilde. Hrsg. von Peter Raby. Cambridge 1997, S. 80-95.

Evangelista, Stefano (Hrsg.): The Reception of Oscar Wilde in Europe. London 2010.

Hänsel-Hohenhausen, Markus von: Die frühe deutschsprachige Oscar-Wilde-Rezeption (1893 - 1906). Bibliographie. 2. Aufl. Egelsbach 1999.

Horrocks, Jamie: Vernon Lee, Oscar Wilde, and the Dialogue of 'New Aesthetics'. In: Nineteenth-Century Prose 40.1 (2013), S. 201-239.

Jauß, Hans R.: Ursprünge der Naturfeindschaft in der Ästhetik der Moderne. In: Romantik: Aufbruch zur Moderne. Hrsg. von Karl Maurer u.a. München 1991 (= Romanistisches Kolloquium, 5), S. 357-382.

Knox, Melissa: Oscar Wilde in the 1990s. The Critic as Creator. Rochester, NY u.a. 2001.

Lipking, Lawrence: Poet-critics. In: The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism. Bd. 7: Modernism and the New Criticism. Hrsg. von A. Walton Litz. Cambridge u.a. 2000, S. 439-467.

Marcus, Laura u.a. (Hrsg.): Late Victorian into Modern. Oxford 2016.

Mendelssohn, Michèle: Making Oscar Wilde. Oxford 2018.

Powell, Kerry u.a. (Hrsg.): Oscar Wilde in Context. Cambridge u.a. 2013.

Waithe, Marcus / White, Claire (Hrsg.): The Labour of Literature in Britain and France, 1830-1910. Authorial Work Ethics. London 2018.

Womack, Peter: Dialogue and Leisure at the Fin de Siècle. In: Cambridge Quarterly 42.2 (2013), S. 134-156.

 

 

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Lyriktheorie » R. Brandmeyer