The Globe Encyclopaedia of Universal Information

 

 

Text
Editionsbericht
Literatur

 

[Poetry]

 

Po'etry (lit. 'creation,' from Gr. poieō, 'I make') has been defined by two of the world's greatest thinkers, Aristotle and Bacon, not in itself but by its accidents, the former laying stress on the fact that it is initiative and truthful, the latter on the fact that it is feigned or creative; the one holding that it produces the pleasure of a truth, the other that of a lie. Simonides makes P. merely 'word-painting.' Among the moderns, Johnson calls it 'metrical composition,' and that which pleases by 'exhibiting an idea more grateful to the mind than things themselves afford.' Whately calls it 'elegant and decorated language in verse,' and Masson 'creation and imagery in verse' — definitions that deal with the form to the exclusion of the essence, and take no account of such compositions as the Book of Job or Canticles. As colour is not essential to a picture, so neither is metre, alliteration, or rhyme to a poem; they are simply means employed by the poet as those best suited to produce an illusion on the imagination. A truer, because wider, definition of P. is Aytoun's, as 'the art which has for its object the creation of intellectual pleasures by means of imaginative and passionate language, and language generally, though not necessarily, formed into regular numbers.' Under their various heads will be found Epic P., with its kindred forms the ballad; pastoral and heroic verse; the Drama; the Lyric, to which belong the song, sonnet, ode, elegy, hymn, anthem, &c.; the Satire; and lastly, Didactic P. See Zimmermann's Geschichte der Poesie aller Völker (Stuttg. 1847); Dallas' Poetics: an Essay on P. (1852); Shairp's Studies in P. and Philosophy (1868), and Poetic Interpretation of Nature (1877); and Doyle's Lectures on P. (1869).

 

 

 

 

Erstdruck und Druckvorlage

The Globe Encyclopaedia of Universal Information.
Edited by John M. Ross.
Volume V. Boston: Estes & Lauriat 1879, S. 149.

Ungezeichnet.

URL: https://archive.org/details/globeencyclopaed05ross
URL: https://books.google.fr/books?id=MORTAAAAYAAJ

Die Textwiedergabe erfolgt nach dem ersten Druck (Editionsrichtlinien).


The Globe Encyclopaedia of Universal Information   online
URL: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/012390962
URL: http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/lookupid?key=olbp75979

 

 

Enzyklopädien-Repertorium

 

 

 

Literatur

Brandmeyer, Rudolf: Poetiken der Lyrik: Von der Normpoetik zur Autorenpoetik. In: Handbuch Lyrik. Theorie, Analyse, Geschichte. Hrsg. von Dieter Lamping. 2. Aufl. Stuttgart 2016, S. 2-15.

Loveland, Jeff: The European Encyclopedia. From 1650 to the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge u. New York 2019.

Martus, Steffen u.a. (Hrsg.): Lyrik im 19. Jahrhundert. Gattungspoetik als Reflexionsmedium der Kultur. Bern u.a. 2005 (= Publikationen zur Zeitschrift für Germanistik, 11).

Spree, Ulrike: Das Streben nach Wissen. Eine vergleichende Gattungsgeschichte der populären Enzyklopädie in Deutschland und Großbritannien im 19. Jahrhundert. Tübingen 2000 (= Communicatio, 24).

Stammen, Theo u.a. (Hrsg.): Wissenssicherung, Wissensordnung und Wissensverarbeitung. Das europäische Modell der Enzyklopädien. Berlin 2004 (= Colloquia Augustana, 18).

Walsh, S. Padraig: Anglo-American General Encyclopedias. A Historical Bibliography, 1703-1967. New York u.a. 1968.

 

 

Edition
Lyriktheorie » R. Brandmeyer